Chris Cosslett's blog
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held a full negotiating session in Bonn, Germany from 6-17 June. Over 3,500 participants came to Bonn, from Governments, Inter-Governmental organizations, Non Governmental Oranizations (NGOs), academia, the private sector, and media.
The meetings reached the following conclusions related to REDD+:
CarbonTradeWatch.org, a website that appears strongly opposed to all forms of carbon trading, has released a brochure entitled 'Some Key REDD+ Players.' The first paragraph provides a good idea of the brochure's overall tone:
A key group of what may be termed 'anti-REDD NGOs', including Friends of the Earth, the Rainforest Foundation, Greenpeace and FERN, has issued a report entitled "REDD+ and carbon markets: 10 myths exploded." The report examines and attempts to pick apart such so-called 'myths' as the following:
Myth 1: REDD+ represents a low-cost abatement option, enabling greater and faster emissions cuts than could be achieved for the same total costs with fossil fuel reductions alone. This is essential for stabilising GHG concentrations at the scale and speed necessary to avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change.
A new study by Vivec Arora and Alvaro Montenegro, published online in Nature Geoscience, weighs the carbon sequestration effects of forest maintenance and expansion against the increased absorption of solar radiation associated with forests. The latter factor is related to the fact that forests are less reflective than, for example, croplands. As a result, particularly at high latitudes, afforestation can actually result in net climate warming. However, the study finds "that warming reductions per unit afforested area are around three times higher in the tropics than in the boreal and northern temperate regions, suggesting that avoided deforestation and continued afforestation in the tropics are effective forest-management strategies from a climate perspective."
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has issued a new report entitled "Recommendations and Strategic Framework for an FSC Climate Change Engagement." The report, prepared by FSC's Forest Carbon Working Group, covers five strategic areas: 1. carbon stewardship, 2. carbon monitoring, 3. carbon accounting, 4. carbon rewards, 5. carbon safeguarding.
Evidence from benchmark sites across the tropics is proving that an integrated, multifunctional approach that allows for land-use sharing in agriculture, forests and other functions can achieve good results in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising food production levels. It provides more realistic solutions than the popular view on sparing land for forests through agricultural intensification.
A NASA-led research team has used a variety of NASA satellite data to create the most precise map ever produced depicting the amount and location of carbon stored in Earth's tropical forests. The data are expected to provide a baseline for ongoing carbon monitoring and research and serve as a useful resource for managing carbon dioxide. The new map, created from ground- and space-based data, shows, for the first time, the distribution of carbon stored in forests across more than 75 tropical countries. Approximately half of that carbon is stored in the extensive forests of Latin America.
The Quirino Forest Carbon Project (QFCP) of Conservation International-Philippines has been acknowledged under the Verified Carbon Standards (VCS) program, a global standard and quality assurance system at the forefront of accounting greenhouse (GHG) emissions reductions in the voluntary carbon market. The project was accepted in the VCS program after its standards were approved in June by a third party auditor, the Rainforest Alliance.